During the Nordic Seven Years’ War, fought between 1563 and 1570, the Kingdom of Sweden clashed with a coalition
consisting of Denmark and Norway, Lübeck and Poland. The brutal conflict sparked the creation of the city of
Fredrikstad in 1567, named after the Danish king Frederik II, on the eastern banks of Norway’s largest river Glomma. In the centuries following the war, Fredrikstad grew to become Norway’s first renaissance city. Today, the old town, or ‘Gamlebyen’ as it is called in Norwegian, is the best-preserved fortified town in the Nordic region and among the most-visited tourist attractions in Norway.